Intellectual disability (now the preferred term for mental retardation) is a disorder characterized by cognitive delays. Get the facts from WebMD about its symptoms, causes, and treatments. Oct 23, · Adaptive functioning refers to skills that are of a practical or social nature, such as the ability to earn a living and care for oneself. Intellectually disabled adults may be employed at minimum wage jobs and can likely be self-supporting. The majority who work favor independent living over group or supervised living situations.
People with mental retardation face a particularly daunting set of challenges in obtaining housing of their own. They are, on average, among the poorest Americans, and must contend with a national. Jul 17, · At the institute and other agencies like it around the country, severely mentally retarded people attend classes where the most basic of skills are learned and refined - .
Retarded comes from the Latin retardare, "to make slow, delay, keep back, or hinder," so mental retardation meant the same as mentally delayed. The term was recorded in as a "fact or action of making slower in movement or time". The first record of retarded in Specialty: Psychiatry, pediatrics.